Bandung, the capital city of West Java Province, is the only capital city in Indonesia that is located on a highland.


Bandung, the capital city of West Java Province, is the only capital city in Indonesia that is located on a highland, about 700m above sea level. Therefore the climate of Bandung is generally pleasant, with temperature between 19°C to 23°C. The area of Bandung used to be a giant lake that was formed by the eruption of Ancient Sunda Volcano about 125.000 years ago. This eruption has formed a habitable crater, surrounded by mountains, that becomes the present Bandung. The natural beauty of Bandung has becoma known since the beginning of the 19th century, therefore, the city, which was established 203 years ago, has been renowned as The Flower City, Parijs van Java (The Paris of Java), or Europe in The Tropics.


Bandung is populated by almost 2,500,000 people (2010), composed of almost an equal percentage of male and female citizens. The population growth is 1.8% per year, forming the density of up to 14,000 people per Hectare. The apparent demographic bonus is presented by the population structure fact that nearly 70% of Bandung citizens are below 40 years of agevan Java (The Paris of Java), or Europe in The Tropics


Bandung, the capital of West Java Province, located about 180 kilometres (110 mi) southeast of Jakarta, is the third largest city in Indonesia. Its elevation is 768 metres (2,529 ft) above sea level and is surrounded by up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) high Late Tertiary and Quaternary volcanic terrain.



Bandung is a city in the western part of Java Island in Indonesia. Beside its own city administration, Bandung also serves as the capital of the West Java province and the seat of chief (bupati) of Bandung regency. Although the oldest written historical reference to the Priangan region dates back to circa 14th century was found in Cikapundung inscription, where the region was one of the settlement within the Kingdom of Pajajaran, the Priangan region has been home for early human since prehistoric era, at least since 9,500 years before present.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Dutch East Indies company (VOC) established a small plantation area in the fertile and properous Bandung area. A supply road connecting Batavia (now Jakarta), Bogor, Cianjur, Bandung, Sumedang and Cirebon was built in 1786.

In 1809, Louis Napoleon, then ruler of the Netherlands and its colonies due to Napoleon Bonaparte's establishment of this puppet state, ordered the Dutch Indies Governor H.W. Daendels to improve the defense system of Java Island against the threat of the British. Daendels built a 1000 km road joining the west and east coasts of Java. Since the northern part of West Java at that time was mostly swamp and marsh, the road was diverted through Bandung. The Great Postweg (now Jalan Asia-Afrika) was laid down in 1810.